Canada: the second largest country on earth; a land of dense wilderness and frigid landscapes, populated by beavers, moose, and polar bears; good hockey, double-double coffee, and mediocre politicians. Canada, like any other country, has many stereotypes, some of which are truer than others. But how much do you really know about the Great White North? Here are 43 frigid facts about Canada.

That’s A Lot of Coin

In 2007, the Royal Canadian Mint produced the first $1 million coin. The solid gold coin, weighing in at 100kg (220 lbs), was produced as part of a promotion for the Mint’s new line of 1oz gold coins. And if those Canadian $1 million coins seem like a tempting target for thieves, you’d be right! In 2017, a group of thieves in Berlin pulled off a heist of one of these loony loonies that was being displayed in a German museum, by carting the heavy coin away in a wheelbarrow.

Historic Blunder

In 1818, the United States began building a fort at the north end of Lake Champlain in New England. The British had recently attacked via Canada through the lake during the War of 1812 and the Americans wanted to protect themselves in case of another invasion. The only problem was that the Americans accidentally built the fort that was supposed to protect the US from Canada…on the Canadian side of the border! Once this mistake became known, all work ceased on the project and the building site became unceremoniously known as Fort Blunder.

Rub-a-Dub In the Tub

Residents of Nanaimo, British Columbia have engaged in an annual bathtub race since 1967. The current race is approximately 58 kilometers (36 miles) long and takes participants through the Georgia Strait, ending in the Nanaimo harbor.

The Slogan to End All Slogans

In 1972, CBC Broadcaster Peter Gzowski challenged Canadians to complete the sentence “As Canadian as…”. A 17-year-old high school student won the competition with the highly ambiguous entry of “As Canadian as is possible under the circumstances.”

Close Friends

We all know that Canada and the United States have a close relationship, but would you believe that this is proven geographically? That’s right! According to data from the Canadian census, a full 90% of Canadians live within 100 miles from the US border. As they say, keep your friends close…

Just Being Neighborly

On September 11, 2001, all US airspace was shut down following the terrorist attacks that occurred. But what was to happen to the 255 flights already in the air and bound for the United States? These flights were all taken in by Canada in an act of neighborly aid called Operation Yellow Ribbon. There were over 30,000 people on 255 flights, and Canadians in many cities throughout the country hosted these individuals in their homes for several days.

Inspired Pizza

Hawaiian pizza was allegedly invented in Canada by Greek Canadian entrepreneur Sam Panopoulos in 1962. Why allegedly? Because it’s a crime. Just kidding—Panopoulos has claimed to be the creator, but so have others. Panopoulos was inspired by Chinese dishes that combine sweet and savory flavors and experimented by adding different ingredients to pizza, including ham and pineapple. Hawaiian pizza is now enjoyed by millions (of sick, sick humans) as one of the most popular pizza combinations in the world.

Border Patrol

Every six years, a 20-foot-wide section is deforested alongside the entire 5,525-mile border between the US and Canada. This deforested borderland—referred by some as “the slash”—runs across mountains, forests, remote islands and more. While it is expected that few will see the slash (aside from bears and other wildlife), this painstaking, labor-intensive process is still performed every six years as a means of ensuring that anyone who stumbles across the border knows that they are there.

Right of First Refusal

In the 1781 Articles of Confederation, which served as the first constitution of the nascent United States, there is a clause stating that if Canada agrees to become a member of the United States, they shall automatically be accepted. Any other colonies, though, will require the consent of the other states.

Political Animal

The Rhinoceros party is a ridiculous Canadian satirical political party that is nevertheless a registered party in Canadian elections. Their slogan is “a promise to keep none of our promises” and they have campaigned on repealing the law of gravity and providing higher education by building taller schools. The Rhinos won a surprising 1.01% of the vote in the 1980 election.

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