Peru is country filled with rich history, mystery, beautiful landscapes and adventure around every corner. Whether you’ve visited the country before or not, there’s always something new to learn about this vibrant location. Here are some amazing Peru facts that make this country as unique as they come. How many do you know?

Peru Facts: The Tallest Sand Dune in the World

Located in the Sechura Desert on the southern part of Peru rests Cerro Blanco. This sand dune measures 3,860 feet at its highest peak, towering over the little town of Huacachina, making it the tallest in the world.

peru's cerro blanco

Tourists can enjoy riding dune biggies across its sandy landscape, but the best adventure is sandboarding down the slope into the town below.

Home of the Potato

While many correlate Ireland with the potato, an interesting Peru fact is this vegetable actually finds its roots (pun intended) in Peru. There are over 3,000 different varieties the grow in the fields here, and many are grown using ancient planting methods. Citizens who are proud of their heritage are often quoted saying, “I am more Peruvian than the potato!”

peruvian potato


There’s a common misconception that Spanish is the only Language spoken in Peru. Truth be told, there are three: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. If you head east of the Andes, however, you’ll find an additional 13 indigenous languages that are all used today.

World Wonders

One of the most famous landmarks in Peru is the Lost City of Machu Picchu, which became one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2017. This city of ruins was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, a professor, and archaeologist.

Once an Incan civilization, the city now rests on a mountain ridge roughly 8,000 feet above sea level. It’s incredible to think this site was built by hand, considering the only way into Machu Picchu is on foot through mountainous trails. If you’re planning a trip to the country, then this is a must-see location.

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